Here's the good and bad about feminized marijuana seeds! The season for growing marijuana outdoors is approaching and proper planning is fundamental to make it a success. First of all you need to know what type of seed to us…
The Pros And Cons Of Feminized Marijuana Seeds
Regular marijuana seeds produce male and female marijuana plants, with most growers finding that they get slightly more females than males.
Unless a grower is breeding marijuana strains, the grower has no need for male plants. They just take up space and if their presence is undetected, they may pollinate female flowers, creating seeded buds.
That’s why many marijuana growers use feminized seeds.
But feminized seeds are a new and unnatural technology. They don’t always work the way they’re supposed to. Sometimes they don’t germinate properly. Or they produce male cannabis plants or hermaphrodite plants (plants that have both male and female flowers).
Many feminized marijuana seeds are the result of pollinating a female plant with pollen created by a hermaphroditic marijuana plants. These seeds have a tendency to grow out hermaphroditic themselves.
To avoid these kinds of seeds, you have to ask the cannabis seed breeder if the breeder used hermaphroditic pollen to create the seeds. If they did, don’t use those seeds.
Some cannabis seed breeders produce feminized seeds by using chemicals and/or hormones to treat female plants so they produce pollen that doesn’t transmit hermaphroditic traits.
Others use colloidal silver.
None of these treatments is guaranteed to produce feminized marijuana seeds that will germinate easily, grow properly, reflect the strain genetics you bought, or be 100% female.
However, if you buy feminized cannabis seeds created by legitimate seed breeders and you germinate 10 seeds of a feminized strain, 7-9 out of 10 of those plants is likely to be female, which is a better ratio than using regular cannabis seeds.
One obvious thing to remember about feminized cannabis seeds is, if they all grow out female, you can’t reproduce those seeds. There’s no pollen.
If you want to keep that cannabis strain going for a long time, you have to clone that strain, or find pollen from a strain you want to combine with your target strain.
Legendary cannabis seed breeder Subcool of TGA Seeds refuses to produce feminized seeds or auto-flowering seeds. He points out that the main beneficiaries of feminized seeds are the seed companies, because growers can’t produce their own marijuana seeds from feminized strains.
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Pros and cons of each type of seed: regular, feminised, autoflowering and CBD-rich
In its natural state, the marijuana plant is dioecious, that is, there are male and female specimens that breed among each other to create new specimens. Regular seeds are seeds that produce both male and female plants, where the grower has no control over their sex.
Although in recent years the proportion of users who choose this type of seed has fallen considerably, regular marijuana seeds continue to be the preferred option for some old-school growers, who wish to respect the nature of the plant in all aspects and, of course, by those who wish to make their own seeds.
- Breeding: Regular seeds make it possible to breed the plants making seeds with the males and females that emerge from a batch of regular seeds.
- Limited yield: The problem with regular seeds is that you do not have any control over the sex of the plants, meaning that after a month and a half of caring for them you may find that you have to get rid of half of your plants because they are males, thus reducing by half the potential yield of the crop.
Feminised seeds emerged in the late 90s as a response to the need to grow seeds that guaranteed the development of female plants. At the beginning this type of seed produced cannabis plants with certain quality problems and instability, with plants that sometimes suffered from hermaphroditism. However, over the years feminised seeds have achieved extremely high levels of quality, as regards yield, effects or flavour, to the point that they have relegated regular seeds to a mere 10% market share.
- Cost effectiveness: Feminised marijuana seeds guarantee 100% female crops. That is, all the effort and care you invest in the plants will be rewarded because there will be no male specimens to discard.
- As they do not allow the development of male plants, feminised seeds are not the appropriate choice if your aim is to produce seeds.
After feminised seeds, starting in approximately 2008 autoflowering seeds, also known as automatic seeds, made their arrival. As the name indicates, they flower in a shorter period of time and require less care than regular or feminised seeds. Autoflowering marijuana seeds emerged as the ideal choice for less experienced growers, but as their quality parameters have gradually equalled their non-autoflowering cousins in aroma, flavour and effects, they have become a valid alternative for the most demanding growers. In case you were wondering, yes, the autoflowering seeds are also feminised.
- Speed: Without a doubt, the big advantage of autoflowering seeds is the speed with which they develop. The flowering periods change depending on the variety, but with any automatic variety you know that in two and a half months tops your plants will be harvested.
- Manageability: Although the differences in quality of autoflowering plants in comparison to the rest of the feminised plants are increasingly fewer, most of the automatic varieties are smaller in size, not only requiring simpler maintenance, but they are also ideal for discreet crops, on balconies or terraces. If your idea is to have a manageable marijuana plant, camouflaged among the flowers and pots on your terrace, autoflowering seeds are, without a doubt, your option.
- Ease: Autoflowering seeds are, in general, easier to grow, both indoors and outdoors. In indoor gardens it is not necessary to change the photoperiod, as the plants themselves change from the growth period to the flowering period by themselves. That is, regardless of the hours of light they receive, they will develop buds.
- Yield: As they are smaller in size, autoflowering cannabis seeds have the inconvenience of a smaller yield per plant.
You have probably heard a lot lately about CBD, the cannabinoid in vogue. CBD is present in some marijuana plants and, in addition to having many therapeutic qualities, it counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC. Therefore, CBD-rich varieties of marijuana cannot only help people who suffer from insomnia, stress or more serious conditions such as multiple sclerosis, but, in addition, it can enable a more sustainable recreational consumption of cannabis compatible with daily activities. As for its cultivation, you can find both feminised and autoflowering varieties rich in CBD.
Reduced psychoactive effect: As it acts as an antagonist of THC, CBD counteracts the psychoactive and side-effects of the former. To make a comparison with alcohol, a variety with high levels of THC would be like drinking spirits, while another rich in CBD would be like drinking a beer.
Therapeutic properties: CBD interacts with the human body’s endocannabinoid system, activating and stimulating our natural response to pain, anxiety, stress, etc. Scientific research has found that CBD can bring many benefits to our body including:
- Reduction of nausea and vomiting
- Suppression of convulsive activity
- It combats psychosis disorders, and there have been studies and clinical trials which indicate that CBD can be effective for treating schizophrenia
- It combats inflammatory disorders
- It combats neurodegenerative disorders
- It combats anxiety and depression disorders
- Fewer side-effects: CBD counteracts the side-effects associated with THC, such as increased appetite, faster heart rate, poorer memory or an altered perception of time, among others.
A reduced psychoactive effect: what may be an advantage for some, can be an inconvenience for others. CBD causes the effects of marijuana to be less intense, much milder, and not everyone is interested in that milder effect.
Regina Journalist with a PhD in Media Studies and a chatty spirit. I love telling stories and being told stories; listening, analyzing and understanding all the things around me to never stop growing and discovering. Cannabis is one of my passions, and every day I learn about new nuances, secrets and possibilities offered by this plant, information I like sharing with you here.
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